Home > Research > Papers

/// Papers about Innovation

Paper
Author: Sander van der Leeuw Topics: ,

Bookmark and Share

Abstract This paper uses a case study on the evolution of the Rhine river delta to illustrate the coevolution of the environment, the technology used to exploit it, and the institutions governing it. Three strands are interwoven: Achieving equilibrium between protecting and utilizing land is difficult. In this area, as a result of exploitation, agriculture [...]

Continue reading »
Paper
Author: David Lane Topics:

Bookmark and Share

Abstract A key problem in research on innovations is that of understanding their origins. In this paper, we propose that radical innovations are created by a process of ’exaptation’, and we introduce a dynamical model that describes how it may happen. In particular, our model is focussed on the interplay between artefact innovation and attributions [...]

Continue reading »
Paper
Author: David Lane Topics:

Bookmark and Share

Abstract This paper begins by reviewing the Darwinian account of biological innovation, which is based on what Ernst Mayr calls “population thinking” and posits two kinds of key mechanisms underlying the innovation process, variation and selection. The chapter then argues that the increasingly popular tendency to adapt this account to provide the foundations for a [...]

Continue reading »
Paper
Author: David Lane Topics:

Bookmark and Share

Abstract Human life is impossible to conceive without two fundamental ingredients: artifacts and organizations. Just about everything we do involves interactions with artifacts, from the clothes we wear and the buildings we inhabit, to the devices through which we communicate with one another and the tools and technologies we use to make ever more artifacts. [...]

Continue reading »
Paper
Author: Marco Villani Topics:

Bookmark and Share

Abstract A key problem in research on innovations is that of understanding their origins. In this paper, we propose that radical innovations are created by a process of ’exaptation’, and we introduce a dynamical model that describes how it may happen. In particular, our model is focussed on the interplay between artefact innovation and attributions [...]

Continue reading »
Paper
Author: David Lane Topics:

Bookmark and Share

Abstract This paper explores the relationship between uncertainty and innovation. It distinguishes three kinds of uncertainty: truth uncertainty, semantic uncertainty, and ontological uncertainty, the latter of which is particularly important for innovation processes. The paper then develops some implications of ontological uncertainty for innovation processes at three levels of organization, by means of three theories: [...]

Continue reading »
Paper
Author: Giovanni Bonifati Topics:

Bookmark and Share

Abstract In socio-economic innovation processes, exaptations emerge from processes through which an initial attribution of new functionality to existing artifacts or organizations leads to new artifacts and eventually new markets. In this essay I argue that exaptation may generate degeneracy, defined as the property according to which structurally different elements provide overlapping functionalities. I propose [...]

Continue reading »